KLEPTOSE® BioPharma Hydroxypropyl Beta-Cyclodextrin as a Potential Functional Alternative to Surfactants within Biologic Formulations
Case Study

KLEPTOSE® BioPharma Hydroxypropyl Beta-Cyclodextrin as a Potential Functional Alternative to Surfactants within Biologic Formulations

CHALLENGE

Therapeutic proteins are inherently unstable and are sensitive to temperature change, shearing, shaking, solvents, ionic strength, purity, protein concentration, pressure and freeze/thaw-drying cycles. Of all the various degradation pathways possible, aggregation is one of the most common and a cause for great concern. Formulation is a key component that is required in order to produce a stable and efficacious biologic medicine.

Many excipients are used within biologic drug formulations, including a range of surfactants called polysorbates. As a potential functional alternative to surfactants within biologic formulations, hydroxypropyl beta-cyclodextrin (HPbCD) can act as an inhibitor of protein aggregation in liquid formulations by:

  • Shielding hydrophobic interactions to block potential protein-protein interaction which causes aggregation
  • Displacing proteins induced by air-water interface

EXPERIMENT

In this study, the capacity of HPbCD to stabilize proteins and inhibit their aggregation are evaluated against polysorbates in commercial mAb (monoclonal antibody) formulations.

Two grades of hydroxypropyl beta-cyclodextrins are studied: KLEPTOSE® HPB BioPharma, with MS (Molecular Substitution)=0.65 and KLEPTOSE® HP BioPharma, with MS=0.9.

Two experimental techniques are used: NanoDSF (Differential Scanning Fluorimetry) and size exclusion chromatography (SEC) HPLC.

Two model proteins are studied: 

 

Immunoglobulin G (lgG) is the most abundant immunoglobulin in plasma.

 

Bevacizumab is a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody (lgG1) used to treat a number of types of cancers.

 

Figure 1: schematic representation of the experimental strategy.

 

RESULTS

Figure 2 shows NanoDSF results of the effect of agitation stress on IgG protein unfolding in the presence of TweenTM 80 (polysorbate 80), KLEPTOSE® HP BioPharma and KLEPTOSE® HPB BioPharma.

 

Figure 2: Fluorescence intensity ratio at 350nm and 330nm measured before and after an agitation time of 96h for IgG solutions with and without surfactant (TweenTM 80, KLEPTOSE® HP BioPharma and KLEPTOSE® HPB BioPharma).

 

It clearly appears from figure 2 that both KLEPTOSE® HP and HPB lower the percentage of unfolded IgG as shown by the lowering F350/330 ratio with increasing HPbCD concentration. In addition, KLEPTOSE® HP and HPB have a protective effect on IgG with regard to agitation stress. In fact, compared to pure buffer solution or a 0.05% TweenTM 80 solution, the F350/330 ratios of solutions containing KLEPTOSE® HP and HPB present much lower variation after 96h of agitation.

Figures 3 and 4 present the agitation-induced and heat-induced aggregation of bevacizumab evaluated using SEC-HPLC methodology.

 

Figure 3: Agitation-induced aggregation of bevacizumab solutions with and without stabilizer (TweenTM 20, KLEPTOSE® HP BioPharma and KLEPTOSE® HPB BioPharma). 
*CF=Commercial Formulation

 

Figure 4: Heat-induced aggregation of bevacizumab solutions with and without stabilizer (TweenTM 20, KLEPTOSE® HP BioPharma and KLEPTOSE® HPB BioPharma).

 

As demonstrated in figure 3, the rate of aggregation is lower in formulations containing KLEPTOSE® HP or HPB, when compared to the commercial formulation containing polysorbates. KLEPTOSE® HP and HPB thus seem to have the ability to interfere with the reversible self-association of protein monomers.

In addition, KLEPTOSE® HP and HPB reduce heat-induced aggregation in a concentration-dependent manner (see figure 4). KLEPTOSE® HP and HPB when used at optimized concentrations can be as effective as trehalose in inhibiting protein aggregation.

 

CONCLUSION  

HPbCD represents a promising alternative to surfactants commonly used within biologic formulations, such as polysorbates TweenTM 20 and 80. Formulations containing KLEPTOSE® BioPharma perform better than the reference formulations containing polysorbates, when subjected to stress conditions of shaking (1400 rpm) and temperature (40°C). It thus represents a functional alternative to surfactants within biologic formulations.


TweenTM is a trademark of Croda International Plc.
® Registered trademark(s) of Roquette Frères. 

 

Disclaimer :

The information contained in this document is to the best of our knowledge true and accurate, but all instructions, recommendations or suggestions are made without any guarantee. Since the conditions of use are beyond our control, we disclaim any liability for loss and/or damage suffered from use of these data or suggestions. Furthermore, no liability is accepted if use of any product in accordance with these data or suggestions infringes any patent. No part of this document may be reproduced by any process without our prior written permission. For questions about a product’s compliance with additional countries’ standards not listed above, please contact your local Roquette representative
 

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